Early Literacy Intervention:
Expanding Expertise and Impact

a Reading Recovery initiative in partnership with the U.S. Department of Education

The goal of this initiative is to focus on developing highly effective teachers and resources for schools for improving the reading and writing abilities of students.
Funding has been provided through an award from the U.S. Department of Education, under award number U215K090094, for the Fund for the Improvement of Education (FIE) Program. The contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the federal government.

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Home Phonology and Orthography

Effective Literacy Practices
Video Library
Learning About Phonology
and Orthography

Module Focus
Learning about the relationships between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language (often referred to as letter-sound associations, graphophonics, sound-symbol relationships)


Key Points for Teachers
Through reading and writing continuous text, children learn about sound-symbol relationships, they take on known reading and writing vocabularies, and they can use what they know about words to generate new learning.

There is no sequence for this learning—rather the child’s skills determine the sequence. Teacher guidance supports this learning, but the goal is for children to take the initiative to continue to learn on their own —and to enjoy discovering new things about their language.


A 2-page reference guide accompanies this video and includes the module focus, definitions and other important information, key points for teachers, and resources. Reading the reference guide prior to viewing the video will enhance your learning experience.

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Other Modules in the Effective Literacy Practices Video Library