Early Literacy Intervention:
Expanding Expertise and Impact

a Reading Recovery initiative in partnership with the U.S. Department of Education

The goal of this initiative is to focus on developing highly effective teachers and resources for schools for improving the reading and writing abilities of students.
Funding has been provided through an award from the U.S. Department of Education, under award number U215K090094, for the Fund for the Improvement of Education (FIE) Program. The contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the federal government.

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Home Response to Intervention

Administrators and teachers discuss Reading Recovery's
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Response to Intervention in Grade One:
Reading Recovery

What is response to intervention?
Response to intervention (RTI) is an educational approach to instruction, assessment, and intervention designed to provide effective, data-based interventions for struggling students. Although conceived as a means of early identification and determination of special education eligibility, RTI is increasingly becoming an overall approach to school improvement through general education. Possible benefits to an RTI approach include:
  • fewer inappropriate referrals to special education
  • earlier intervention with students at risk of literacy failure
  • greater ongoing collaboration between general and special education

Reading Recovery and RTI

Although RTI involves multiple interventions for various needs across grade levels, one literacy intervention has compelling evidence for meeting the intent of the legislation for first graders. The goal of Reading Recovery is to dramatically reduce the number of first-grade students who have extreme difficulty learning to read and write, and to reduce the cost of these learners to education systems. With more than 25 years of implementation in the U.S. and high research ratings from the U.S. Department of Education's What Works Clearinghouse, Reading Recovery is a proven intervention used by thousands of elementary schools.


An ideal fit within an RTI framework
Reading Recovery is a close fit with eight crucial features of RTI, adapted from frameworks provided by the National Research Center on Learning Disabilities and the International Reading Association Commission on RTI.


Other online resources
Reading Recovery as an Effective Component of RTI
on-demand webcast